next president Andrés Manuel López Obrador, a former Mexico City
mayor and outspoken critic of the political establishment - has a
significant uphill battle once he is inaugurated as President on
December 01: deadly
violence in the country is intensifying and has hit an
posted its highest homicides on record, with a new government
report Sunday showing murders in the country rose
by 16 percent in the first half of 2018.
Interior Department said there were 15,973
homicides in the first half of the year, compared
to 13,751 killings in the same period of 2017.
to the AP,
the record-breaking homicides have surpassed the violence seen
during the dark years of Mexico’s drug war in 2011, along with
exceeding all government data since records began in 1997.
these crisis levels, the department’s homicide rate for the
country stands around 22 per 100,000 population for year-end
estimates — near the level of Columbia 24.2 and Guatemala 26.0.
analyst Alejandro Hope told the AP, “the figures are horrible, but
there are some signs that are halfway encouraging.”
example, the growth in homicides could be slowing; murders were up
only about 4 percent compared to the second half of 2017. “The
curve may be flattening out,” Hope noted, though he warned his
forecast could be incorrect.
noted that the northern border state of Baja California exhibited
the largest surge in homicide rates, while other states saw
California, home to the border city of Tijuana, saw 1,463
homicides in the first half of the year, a 44 percent increase
over the same period of 2017. Authorities have attributed the
spate of killings to battles between the Jalisco and Sinaloa
drug cartels for control of trafficking routes in Baja
California. The state is now Mexico’s second most violent, with
a homicide rate for the first six months of the year equivalent
to 71 murders per 100,000 inhabitants,” said AP.
comparison, El Salvador and Venezuela are among the deadliest
countries in the world — have homicide rates of around 54 to 60
to the Jalisco drug cartel, Mexico’s most dangerous state is
Colima, on the central Pacific coast, which experienced a
27-percent increase in killings and now has a shocking homicide
rate of about 80 per 100,000
central Mexican state, saw a 122 percent increase in
homicides, which now has a rate of about 40 per 100,000.
Government officials have reported that much of violent crime is
linked to gangs of fuel thieves who drill taps into
are Mexico’s eight most violent states by annual homicide
rate, based on federal data. Over the past few years,
killings rebounded in Baja California and Chihuahua
is on pace to top the record-setting violence of 2017. The 15,973
murders over the first six months of 2018 exceed the 13,503
reported over the same period last year.
trafficking routes overlaid with homicide rates (2015) — notice a
this year, the US State Department published a new multi-tiered
travel advisory system to warn U.S. citizens of traveling to
Mexico. Travel advisories range from Level 1 (“exercise normal
precautions”) to Level 4 (“do not travel”).
to the Igarapé Institute, a Brazilian-based think tank that
focuses on emerging security and development issues, the murder
epidemic is not just limited to Mexico, but across all of Latin
Institute stated the current situation is incredibly complex and
results from decades
of corruption, drug trafficking, organized crime, contraband,
illegal mining, land rights, and in some cases, violence by
state military forces.